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When your leg hurts, the source of the pain can be a mystery. With so many bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and other tissue in your legs, the cause of the pain can sometimes be tough to determine.

Watch the video below about one of our patients who suffered daily but now lives a full life!

Leg Pain


When your leg hurts, the source of the pain can be a mystery. With so many bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and other tissue in your legs, the cause of the pain can sometimes be tough to determine.


Do your legs feel stiff and weak when you try to stand after sitting for an extended period? Do you feel an occasional sharp pain in your calf or an ache in your thigh when you walk? Do your knees pop when you climb stairs? Do you cramp up easily? Do you sometimes feel a numb, tingling sensation running down your hips into your upper legs? Does your leg pain begin in one area and move to another, or is it fairly localized?


Answering these questions is the beginning of treating your specific leg pain and getting you back on your feet again, pain free. It is also important to consider these factors:


  • The location of the pain – is it in your upper leg, lower leg or in the knee joint? Front or back?

  •  The type of pain – is it sharp, dull, buzzing, and are there other symptoms like numbness or tingling?

  •  The onset of the pain — did you notice your leg pain all at once, or was it gradual?

  • The duration of the pain – does it come and go, or is it chronic?

What’s causing my leg pain?

In addition to injuries to bones, muscles, ligaments or joints, leg pain can be caused by a variety of things. Let’s take a brief look at several common causes of leg pain.

  • Arthritis – Degenerative pain, may be linked to injury, wear and tear, disease or autoimmune issues.

  • Baker’s Cyst – A cyst that causes bulging or tightness behind the knee.

  • Bursitis – When the bursa, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons and muscles in the joint become inflamed.

  • Gout – Sudden, sometimes severe pain or tenderness in the joints, often in the feet.

  • Muscle cramps – Sudden, tight and intense pain in or near a muscle. Often caused by fatigue or dehydration.

  • Progressive, degenerative condition that causes stiffness, pain, weakness and tenderness in the joints. Especially common in the knee.

  • Paget’s Disease – Bone disease that can cause fragile, misshapen bones. Risk increases with age.

  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) – narrowing of blood vessels that leads to poor circulation in the legs.

  • Shin splints — sharp pain and/or dull ache in the front part of the calf muscle. Caused by inflamed tissue along the edge of the Tibia (shinbone).

  • Tendonitis — Discomfort caused by tendon swelling, stretching or tearing.Varicose Veins — Enlarged veins, often in the legs. May be only cosmetic, but may also cause pain.

Causes of leg pain not located in the legs

Sometimes, leg pain does not originate in any part of the leg. Because our legs are connected to the rest of our body through a complex system of bones, muscles, connective tissue and nerves, a condition affecting our core can often be felt in our limbs. Some examples of spine-related conditions with symptoms that include leg pain are:

Sciatica: Radiating Leg Pain

Conditions Associated With Back Pain

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A pinched nerve (Radiculopathy) is a nerve that has become constricted by surrounding tissue. This nerve compression can disrupt regular function and cause pain, numbness, weakness or a ‘pins and needles’ sensation, beginning … 

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Sciatica is pain caused by a medical problem in or around the sciatic nerve. Because the Sciatic Nerve runs from the lower back down into each leg, the associated pain may be referred…


Herniated Disc Disease is a common medical condition that can affect any area of the spine. In fact, about one in three adults who have or have had back pain, actually suffer from some kind of disc…

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Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal that affects the spinal cord and nerve roots. This narrowing can put added pressure on your spinal cord and the nerves traveling through the spine to the extremities causing intense pain… 

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Degenerative Disk Disease

Our spinal vertebrae and spinal cord are protected by fibrocartilaginous discs that act as shock absorbers, helping our spines move, flex and support our weight. Over time, the outer shell of these discs can be damaged by injury or simple wear and tear. As these tears increase, without healing, the result can be debilitating chronic pain…

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome is an uncommon form of chronic pain that usually affects limbs. Complex regional pain syndrome typically develops after an injury, surgery, stroke or heart attack, but the pain…

While none of these conditions originate in the legs, all of these conditions can manifest as leg pain. Knowing where the pain is can help Dr. Skaliy determine which condition may be causing your leg pain.

Diagnosing and Treating Leg Pain

Treatment of your leg pain will depend on the condition causing the pain, as well as the location and severity of the pain.


During your initial physical examination, Dr. Skaliy will ask many of the same questions included in this article, as well as questions about your personal and family medical history. Having these answers ready will help Dr. Skaliy better assess the cause of your leg pain and develop an effective treatment plan.


Diagnostics may also include medical imaging like MRIs, X-rays, or CT scans.


While certain conditions that cause leg pain are sometimes treated with surgery, Dr. Skaliy recommends several different minimally-invasive and/or non-surgical options for treating many different conditions that include leg pain. Click on the links below to learn more.

Better Solutions for Leg Pain


Doctors have used Epidural Steroid Injections for many years to treat neck or back pain. This minimally-invasive treatment decreases or eliminates the inflammation caused by Degenerative Disc Disease, Spinal Stenosis, Herniated Disc Disease and Sciatica…

(Read more)


Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS), also called epidural nerve stimulation (ENS), is a minimally-invasive procedure with a 40-year track record of delivering proven relief to patients experiencing chronic pain. In this treatment, a safe and effective device delivers soothing electrical stimulation to the spinal cord, resulting in significant pain relief to the affected area…

(Read more)

At Atlanta Spine Specialist we are dedicated to helping people live a pain free life. In addition to these treatments we offer other minimally invasive treatments to heal your body.

Please call our office to learn more about these options (770) 844-3242. 

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